How To Grow Your Own Coffee Been At Home
You can grow your own coffee tree at home, just as long as you have one of the following items:
- A raw coffee fruit
- A raw coffee seed with the silver skin still attached
- A processed, un-roasted green seed.
The last option on that list is the least reliable, as processing does tend to expose the bean to factors that are less than optimal.
Raw seeds are available from online seed sellers in a variety of different types. Irrespective, the recommended course is to wet the seeds to help them sprout. Basically, you just need to put them in water for a few days and the sprouting should begin, and when it does, plant the seed in soil at a moderate depth. This process usually takes a few weeks, so be patient.
In fact, patience is a virtue when it comes to growing coffee, since the coffee tree grows very slowly, especially indoors. It may well take anywhere from 3-5 years before you will see any fruit. Even then, the coffee produced might not be as good as what you’re used to. One way to improve the quality of your fruit is to have the tree in ideal coffee growing soil, and perhaps a good coffee climate soil. If that sort of wait is too long, you can often find full-grown trees in nurseries, but there’s never a guarantee that jumping the queue like that will bring you a good drinkable fruit.
Fertilize regularly, water only when needed, and avoid moving the plant around too much and it’ll grow consistently.
Processing raw beans:
When the coffee cherries have reached a bright, ripe red appearance remove the sticky fruit from the berries. You do this by pushing the seed out with your fingers. This will generally leave you with one or two seeds which you should immerse in water for one or two days (otherwise known as fermentation). Some beans will float to the top, and when they do you should throw them away as they’ll be bad.
The water soaking will help to remove the pulp from the seed, as well as loosen the skin. You should then dry the beans by laying them in out in the sun.
To protect them from moisture, cover them at night, or if you want to speed things up, just use a dehydrator. Once the beans are dried out, remove the outer husk and you’re ready to roast.
image copyright Larry Jacobsen via flickr.com